Site Event/Activity record ESF20820 - Church of St Botolph, Iken

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Location

Location IKN 007 Church of St Botolph
Grid reference Centred TM 4120 5663 (37m by 18m)
Map sheet TM45NW
Civil Parish IKEN, SUFFOLK COASTAL, SUFFOLK

Technique(s)

Organisation

Archaeological Solutions

Date

Not recorded.

Map

Description

Botolph, or Botulf (d.680) was an East Anglian saint who founded his own monastery at 'Icanho' in around 654 after studying on the Continent, most probably at Chelles in Frankia. It is widely accepted that Iken is the site of 'Icanho', though Boston 'Botolph's Stone' in Lincolnshire remains a possible contender. Excavations in the 1970s revealed an earlier timber structure on the site, although not exactly following the line of the existing church, while a large fragment of a Saxon cross, now displayed within the church provides further evidence of the importance of the site in the Anglo-Saxon period. The 'ho' element of the early place-name, indicating a spur of land, is also fairly compelling. The overall impression gained by analysis is that the nave walls are substantially as constructed with the usual enlargements for more fashionable windows and repairs occurring over time. A firm date is more difficult to ascribe, however, though the evidence broadly supports the 12th century. Other features are noteworthy and of interest, including the possible location of putlog holes, some discrete repair and probable partial reconstruction at the west end, associated with the raising of the tower in the 15th or early 16th century. Much of the render now surviving is probably of 18th or 19th century date, but it overlies areas of repair or possible sections of medieval pointing and render. Some is associated with the introduction of new windows and doors (Phase 2) in small, discrete patches, while Phase 3 could represent remnants of surviving medieval render, but equally could be later repair. Insufficient areas are exposed to be certain. Project status: Complete Yes, Validated Yes Previous/Future Work: Previous No, Future Not known Associated Identifiers: Contracting Unit No. P3499 NMR No. 1532696 Project Type: Building Recording Methods and Techniques: Photographic Survey Reason for Investigation: Conservation/ restoration Site status: Listed Building Current Land use: Other 2 - In use as a building Monument Type(s)/Period(s): NONE None Artefact Type(s)/Period(s): NONE None PROJECT LOCATION Area 100.00 Square metres Grid Reference: TM41205664 Point Height 10.00 - 10.50 metres PROJECT CREATOR(S) Organisation: Archaeological Solutions Ltd Brief originator: Suffolk County Council Archaeology Service Design originator: Jon Murray Director/Manager: Jon Murray Supervisor: Tansy Collins DIGITAL ARCHIVE Recipient: Suffolk County Archaeological Store Contents: other Media: Images raster / digital photography, Text PAPER ARCHIVE Recipient: Suffolk County Archaeological Store Contents: none Media: Correspondence, Map, Photograph, Plan, Report BIBLIOGRAPHY Publication Type: Grey literature (unpublished document/manuscript) Title: Church of St Botolph, Iken, Suffolk. A Historic Building Recording. Author(s)/Editor(s): Collins, T., Henry, K., Prosser, L. and Thompson, P. Other Bibliographic Details: AS Report No. 3592 Date: 2010 Issuer/Publisher: Archaeological Solutions Ltd Place of Issue or Publication: Hertford Description: A4 Ringbound Document

Sources/Archives (1)

  • --- Unpublished document: 2010. Building Recording Report, Church of St Botolph, Iken, Suffolk, IKN 007.

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

  • Church of St Botolph (Med) (Monument)

Record last edited

Aug 15 2011 2:52PM

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