Monument record STN 010 - Possible location of post medieval flint mines

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This area has been identified as the possible location of post medieval gunflint mines mentioned in documentary sources. Earthworks identified within the site, which probably relate to the quarrying of gravel rather than flint mining, have been recorded as SHER STN 161.


Grid reference Centred TL 841 868 (687m by 314m) (Centred on)
Map sheet TL88NW


Type and Period (4)

Full Description

Area of `prolific surface flint found circa 1910' defined on HER map after (S4).
Possible location of PMed flint mines. In 1879 Skertchly states - 'no longer worked. Were situated on Santon Downham Warren opposite the Warren House' (now Little Lodge Farm?) 'and near a tumulus locality (sic) known as Blood Hill' (in Santon, Norfolk). 'The pits are on the slope of the valley side and are consequently shallow'. He describes a section of the pits, floorstone occurring at 10 feet depth and describes the flint as some 'milky in colour ... made good gun flints' (S1).
Prolific scatter (see Neo) recorded by W G Clarke in same area (S4). Note De Lotbineare suggests use of flint for gunflint production from estate of Earl Cadogan at Santon Downham from circa 1790 (S2) and mentions an 1814 reference to 'Great quantities (considered as good as any) come to London, from Lord Cadogan's estate' (S2)(R1).
Note gunflint production waste sites, STN 020 & STN 021 & further mines (nearer Brandon) at STN 018 & STN 030 and over river in Norfolk. July 1994: Area of extensive quarries SE of Little Lodge Farm examined. All appear to be for gravel with no sign of flint waste or chalk, suggesting cited flint mines probably over river in Santon, Norfolk. Only flints identified in surrounding area were prehistoric (S3).

November 2017. 'Brecks from Above' and Breckland National Mapping Programme.
The quarrying earthworks described above, which are visible on aerial photographs and lidar imagery, have been recorded separately as SHER STN 161. No evidence to suggest there were flint mines in this area was identified on the consulted sources.
S. Tremlett (Norfolk Historic Environment Service), 30th November 2017.

Sources/Archives (5)

  • <S1> (No record type): Skertchly S B J, `On the Manufacture of Gun-flints', Mem Geol Survey, 1879, 8-9.
  • <R1> (No record type): Hawker Col P, Instructions to Young Sportsmen, London, 1814, 59.
  • <S2> (No record type): De Lotbiniere S, Journ Arms & Armour Soc, 9 June 1977, (Canada) (1), 46.
  • <S3> (No record type): SAU, Pendleton C, July 1994.
  • <S4> Index: OS. OS Card. OS, card, TL88NW19, map (W G Clarke, 1910).

Finds (0)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (1)

Record last edited

Mar 15 2021 3:29PM

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