Monument record SBN 072 - Scotland Street Bridge

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Original bridge 14th century, a bridge is shown on Hadskinsons map of 1783, current bridge is cast iron fabricator - 'E R & F Turner (of Ipswich).


Grid reference Centred TL 9966 3675 (10m by 13m)
Map sheet TL93NE


Type and Period (1)

Full Description

Narrow bridge shown on Hodskinson's 1783 map (S1). Appears to be shown as a ford on Bowen's 1755 map. Not shown on OS 1st ed map of 1838.
April 2012: existing deck formed by cast iron girder inscribed 'J H Rinden Surveyor' plus the name of the fabricator - 'E R & F Turner (of Ipswich). The balustrading is of refined iron section and may be contemporary (S2). ER&F Turner's foundry was established in 1837 so the cast iron element of the bridge probably dates to the mid 19th century roughly (further documentation could be checked for exact dating) suggesting the 18th century (& earlier?) structure was replaced (extent of any survival unknown).
The DBA has also established the existence of references to a bridge on the site dating to at least the 14th century
2013: Photographic survey. Scotland Street Bridge at Stoke by Nayland is a cast iron girder bridge, one of only eight cast iron bridge listed on the county's HER. The bridge dates to 1867and was fabricated by E R and F Turner, who were an Ipswich-based milling engineers, and the only bridge known to have been manufactured by this firm. Cast into the face of the outer girder is dedication to 'J H Rinder Surveyor 1867' who had been appointed as the areas road surveyor by the Lavenham Highway Board the previous year. Map evidence suggests that the river was straightened when the bridge was built and that previously it had been crossed by a ford. However medieval land documents make reference to a 'Skotlodebregge' in the area as early as 1387 (S4)
2013: Visits were made to the Scotland Street bridge, near Stoke-by-Nayland in Suffolk, to record the excavation of three small trenches on both sides of the bridge that crosses the north-west to south-east line of the River Box. The site was located within the conservation area of Stoke-by-Nayland close to several listed buildings, and it is known that there was a bridge in the area since the 14th century. No archaeological features or finds were recorded in the trenching. The soil profiles appeared to be fairly disturbed, due to the construction of the existing bridge in the 19th century, as well as subsequent repairs including subsequent resurfacing of the road (S5).

Sources/Archives (5)

  • <S1> Cartographic materials: Hodskinson, J.. 1783. The County of Suffolk surveyed.
  • <S2> Bibliographic reference: Email. Barnard M (SCC) to Pendleton C (SCCAS), 13 April 2012.
  • <S3> Unpublished document: Craven, J.. 2012. Archaeological Desk Based Assessment, Scotland Street Bridge, Stoke by Nayland.
  • <S4> Unpublished document: Gil, D.. 2013. Archaeological Survey Report, of Scotland Street bridge, Stoke by Nayland.
  • <S5> Unpublished document: Brooks, R. 2013. Archaeological Monitoring Report, Scotland Street Bridge Monitoring, Stoke-by-Nayland.

Finds (0)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (3)

Record last edited

Nov 14 2013 10:13AM

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