Monument record FKM 001 - Hercules Went (BA)

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Summary

This is a multi period settlement site reported by Kenneth Landymore to Basil Brown in August 1946, when pottery was found by workmen digging for gravel in Allen Newport Ltd's pit on the field known as Hercules Went.

Location

Grid reference Centred TL 9060 7723 (198m by 290m) (Centred on)
Map sheet TL97NW
Civil Parish FAKENHAM MAGNA, ST EDMUNDSBURY, SUFFOLK

Map

Type and Period (3)

Full Description

This is a multi period settlement site reported by Kenneth Landymore to Basil Brown in August 1946, when pottery was found by workmen digging for gravel in Allen Newport Ltd's pit on the field known as Hercules Went. During excavation over 200 hut sites, many with hearths or fire holes, were discovered and what were first thought to be ditches were later described as "sunken paths". The site extends along a gravel terrace overlooking a length of the River Black Bourne called Broad Water. The later excavations revealed a "wharf" which stood on ground bordered by channels from the river. Many artefacts from Paleolithic period to Anglo-Saxon period. The site was worked until 1951 when the gravel ran out and the pit was abandoned. Basil Brown was unable to excavate fully as the gravel was being dug out daily and he conducted a salvage operation very often only able to collect artefacts from the revealed surface beneath the topsoil before the area was demolished so stratification was often impossible. No post holes were found but the area was covered in soft clay patches. The two huts that were fully excavated were rectangular in shape but the others were not able to be defined (S1). Aerial photographs taken 30.5.80 showed pits, ditches, sunken featured buildings?, gravel test pits as cropmarks extending across Hercules Went and into surrounding fields NW of the site excavated by Basil Brown - see Fakenham Magna FKM 015 (S3).
Basil Brown found sherds from four domestic Beaker vessel, one of which was decorated with finger nail impressions and the other three with grooved lines. This was found in a "pit" together with a leaf shaped flint dagger in perfect condition, a scraper and other flakes and a bronze ring. Other pottery found included a portion of a bucket urn (S2).
For more information on beaker pottery see (S4).

Sources/Archives (7)

  • <R1> (No record type): Clarke D, Beaker pottery, 1970, 303, 497 (corpus nos. 882, 883, 884).
  • <M1> Unpublished document: Basil Brown. Basil Brown Archive. Basil Brown archive: map, volumes, card index.
  • <S1> Unpublished document: Basil Brown. Basil Brown Archive. Brown B, map SAU ref. no. 11, vols I, VIII, X, XI, LIII, LXVII, LXX, LXXXIX, XCI, XCVI, XCVII, XCVII.
  • <S2> Unpublished document: Basil Brown. Basil Brown Archive. Brown B, map SAU ref. no. 11, index cards nos 120 and 123, vol VIII 77, 110, 111,117-119, vol X 6, 3.
  • <M2> Photograph: Suffolk Archaeological Service. Air Photograph. AP: SAU ALD 11 - 15.
  • <S3> Oblique Aerial Photograph: SAU. 1980. ALD 11-15,. SAU, AP ALD 11-15, 1980.
  • <S4> (No record type): Gibson A M, Beaker Domestic sites, BAR 107(i), 1982, 151.

Finds (6)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (1)

Record last edited

Feb 20 2020 1:41PM

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