Monument record BGL 008 - Eight Round Barrows on Martlesham Heath; Brightwell Heath; Black Hill
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|Grid reference||Centred TM 2495 4459 (25m by 22m)|
|Civil Parish||BRIGHTWELL, SUFFOLK COASTAL, SUFFOLK|
|Civil Parish||MARTLESHAM, SUFFOLK COASTAL, SUFFOLK|
Type and Period (3)
1838: Shown as tumulus & named Black Hill on OS 1st edition map (S5). Round Barrow (site of).
1935: Tree covered bowl barrow (reference to a photograph)(S1).
1962: Barrow virtually destroyed by construction of war-time pill-box at the centre and with brick revetted trenches around the pill box. Original diameter of barrow cannot now be determined. Its maximum height is about1. 7m (S2).
1977: Largely destroyed by war-time pill box and trenches. Island in field (S3).
1981: Covered in grass and bracken and scrubby trees. Large animal holes, 2 ft high brick wall on S perimeter. N slightly cut into by plough. Pill box on top (S4).
1985: Unploughed in arable field, covered with grass, bracken and elders, standing to approx 1.7m high. Brick and concrete pill box dug into centre of mound, trench dug into mound around its S edge, lined with brick along its outer face. Irregular profile of mound shows presence of upcast from these operations. Pill box in good condition, brick revetting of trench deteriorating (S4).
A pillbox of Second World War date can be seen as a structure inserted into, and seriously damaging, the earthwork of a Round Barrow of probable Bronze Age date, centred on circa TM249445 on Brightwell Heath, Brightwell parish. The diameter of the surviving earthwork is irregular but measures up to approximately 25 metres. The pillbox, possibly a type 22, was probably built within the perimeter of Martlesham Heath airbase to provide protection against potential invading forces, along with a number of other similar defences in the immediate area. Such defensive structures that have been constructed within possible archaeological monuments have been transcribed. However, the extensive barbed wire obstructions, slit trenches and related anti-invasion defences which extend throughout the airfield and surround such features have not been transcribed. (S6, S7)
2011: Level three survey of the pillbox. This revealed graffiti of Second World War date and more recent years. The Second World War graffiti included details of idividuals who were presumably based at Martleshamas well as images of a dreadnought battleship and a rare M-Class submarine which appear to have been drawn in pencil or ink (S9).
450m NW of Sheep Drift Farm., Martlesham Heath airfield. Pillbox on bowl barrow, and scheduled with it (S8).
- <S1> SSF12209 (No record type): NWHCM, 1935.
- <M1> SSF43604 (No record type): Barrow survey:.
- <R1> SSF5522 Bibliographic reference: Martin, E.. 1981. The Barrows of East Anglia.
- <M2> SSF43605 (No record type): SAM file:.
- <S2> SSF50032 Index: OS. OS Card. OS, card TM24SW22.
- <S3> SSF10937 (No record type): Martin, E.A.. Martin E, SAU, 1977.
- <S4> SSF5242 Unpublished document: Department of the Environment. Scheduling information.
- <S5> SSF12822 (No record type): OS, 1st ed 1 inch map, 1838.
- <S6> SSF50005 Photograph: RAF. Air Photograph. RAF CPE/UK/1937 4218-9 18-JAN-1947.
- <S7> SSF50066 Photograph: OS, AP. OS OS/89045 101-3 -18-MAR-1989.
- <S8> SSF54450 Digital archive: Defence of Britain Project archive. UORN: S0008136.
- <S9> SSF54334 Unpublished document: Brooks, R. 2012. Martlesham Heath WWII structures, Martlesham, MRM 140.
Related Monuments/Buildings (0)
Related Events/Activities (7)
- Event - Survey: Martlesham Heath WWII Structures Building Recording (Ref: OASIS-suffolkc1-116264) (ESF19985)
- Event - Survey: Site Visit by DOE (Coad V J) (Ref: DOE (Coad V J)) (ESF13831)
- Event - Survey: Site Visit by DOE (Healy F) (Ref: DOE (Healy F)) (ESF13990)
- Event - Survey: Site Visit by DOE (Paterson H) (Ref: DOE (Paterson H)) (ESF13955)
- Event - Survey: Site Visit by DOE (Robertson-Mackay R) (Ref: DOE (Robertson-Mackay R)) (ESF12988)
- Event - Survey: Site Visit by SAU (EM) (Ref: SAU (EM)) (ESF13592)
- Event - Interpretation: The Aggregate Landscape of Suffolk: The Archaeological Resource (NMP) (EXS18925)
Record last edited
Jun 7 2019 11:48AM