Farmstead record KDG 058 - Farmstead: Simms Farm
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|Grid reference||Centred TL 7198 4649 (134m by 154m)|
|Civil Parish||HUNDON, ST EDMUNDSBURY, SUFFOLK|
|Civil Parish||KEDINGTON, ST EDMUNDSBURY, SUFFOLK|
Type and Period (8)
- THRESHING BARN (19th century - 1820 AD to 1820 AD)
- GRANARY (19th century - 1860 AD to 1860 AD)
- COW HOUSE (19th century - 1860 AD to 1860 AD)
- SHED (19th century - 1860 AD to 1860 AD)
- FARMHOUSE (19th century - 1880 AD? to 1880 AD?)
- CART SHED (19th century - 1800 AD to 1899 AD)
- FARMSTEAD (19th century - 1800 AD to 1899 AD)
- REGULAR COURTYARD L PLAN (19th century - 1800 AD to 1899 AD)
Simm's Farm is a farmstead visible on the 1st Ed Os map. The farmstead is laid out in a regular L-plan with additional detached elements. The farmhouse is detached and set away from the yard. The farmstead sits alongside a public road in an isolated location. This farmstead survives intact with additional modern sheds on site. (S1-4)
The main barn to the west of the house is a timber-framed and weatherboarded structure of circa 1820 which is clearly shown on the Kedington tithe map of 1842. It contains a threshing barn of five bays with a central porch to the north and a two-bay stable with a hay loft to the south. A number of timbers, including the jowled storey posts flanking the threshing bay, were re-used from a late-17th century predecessor. The original wall fabric has been much obscured by the insertion of a grain floor and internal cement render in the 20th century but appears to be relatively well preserved, and all four arch-braces of the threshing bay survive intact. The partition dividing the barn from the stable also appears to be original, albeit hidden by render, but the entire roof structure was rebuilt in the 20th century. An unusual lean-to granary with a suspended floor was added to the western elevation in the mid-19th century. The building is a good example of an East Anglian ‘combination’ barn and stable of the Napoleonic period, and is of accordingly of considerable historic interest, but given the loss of its roof it does meet the strict English Heritage criteria for listing.
The farm includes a number of other historic buildings, including a range of Victorian cattle sheds and an early-19th century cartlodge that appears to have been adapted from a late-17th century granary. A second barn on the southern side of the lane is a good three-bay example of the 18th century which bears a particularly impressive carved date of 1777 in the centre of a tie-beam. This probably belonged to a second house shown on the tithe map but demolished in the mid-19th century (S5).
Recorded as part of the Farmsteads in the Suffolk Countryside Project. This is a purely desk-based study and no site visits were undertaken. These records are not intended to be a definitive assessment of these buildings. Dating reflects their presence at a point in time on historic maps and there is potential for earlier origins to buildings and farmsteads. This project highlights a potential need for a more in depth field study of farmstead to gather more specific age data.
- <S1> SSF59079 Unpublished document: Campbell, G., and McSorley, G. 2019. SCCAS: Farmsteads in the Suffolk Countryside Project.
- <S2> SXS50088 Map: Ordnance Survey. 1880s. Ordnance Survey 25 inch to 1 mile map, 1st edition.
- <S3> SXS50094 Map: Ordnance Survey. c 1904. Ordnance Survey 25 inch to 1 mile map, 2nd edition. 25".
- <S4> SSZ54999 Vertical Aerial Photograph: various. Google Earth.
- <S5> SSF59206 Unpublished document: Alston, L.. 2010. Historical Assessment: Barn at Simms Farm, Kedington.
- None recorded
Related Monuments/Buildings (0)
Related Events/Activities (2)
Record last edited
Mar 7 2020 11:48AM