Monument record WKS 002 - Wickham Abbey Farm

Please read our .


Site of Benedictine cell of Colchester Priory circa 1135-1164. Founded early in the reign of Stephen for 4 monks by Robert de Salchovilla who became a monk at Colchester. His son, Jordan, consented to the monks being transferred to Colchester. There are no remains of the cell.


Grid reference Centred TM 084 688 (100m by 100m)
Map sheet TM06NE


Type and Period (3)

Full Description

Alleged site of Benedictine Priory.
Early in the reign of King Stephen (1135+) Robert de Salchovilla (Sakeville) granted land at Wickham to the Benedictine Abbey of St John at Colchester, on condition that a cell of 4 monks was established at Wickham. However this cell was probably in the Church, which was also granted to St John's. His son (ante 1164) consented to the transference of these 4 monks back to Colchester (S1-S5). The Wickham lands remained with St Johns down to the Reformation and were granted in 1542 to Sir Richard Freston of Mendham. In 1543 Freston granted a lease of the site of the manor to Thomas Bedwall (S3). The Abbey had a grant of free warren in their demesne lands here and at Benningham in Occold, 1252/3 (S4). The lands were probably run as a grange of the Abbey - Walter, keeper of the manor of Wickham, and a monk of the Abbey is recorded c.1260 (S3) and William le Graunger occurs as a tax-payer in Wickham in 1327 (S6).
A dovecote is marked at TM 0841 6886 on the OS, 1st edition 1:2500 map of 188-. `A scatter of medieval peg tile was found on the site of the dovecote' in 1976 (S5).
A few sherds of Med pottery were found N of the farm buildings by Basil Brown (S7).

No monastic remains were seen in the area of Wickham Abbey Farm (name confirmed). The present farm buildings are post-dissolution and not outstanding. A scatter of Medieval peg tile was found on the site of the dovecote which formerly stood at TM 0841 6886 but no other domestic features with monastic connections were seen. The moated island shown on the OS 25" at TM 0833 6878 has been destroyed and its site is now occupied by modern piggeries. (S9)

To NE of small moat excavated by B Brown, formerly listed under WKS 002 - see WKS 004.

Sources/Archives (12)

  • <S1> (No record type): Knowles, D. & Hadcock, R.N.. 1971. Medieval Religious Houses: England and Wales (2nd ed). Knowles D & Hadcock R N, Medieval Religious Houses of England & Wales, 1971, 58, 80.
  • <M1> Unpublished document: Basil Brown. Basil Brown Archive. Basil Brown archive: volume, card index.
  • <R1> Bibliographic reference: Victoria County History of Suffolk (Vol I 1911; Vol II 1907). VCH Essex 2, 1907, 94.
  • <S2> (No record type): `Frere of Wickham Abbey', E Anglian Misc, 1934, no 9169.
  • <S3> Bibliographic reference: Copinger W A. Manors of Suffolk. Copinger W, Manors of Suffolk, III, 332-4.
  • <S4> Bibliographic reference: Copinger W A. Manors of Suffolk. Copinger W, Suffolk Records, V, 375, 377.
  • <S5> Index: OS. OS Card. OS, card TM06NE15.
  • <S6> (No record type): Hervey S H A (ed), Suffolk in 1327.
  • <S7> Unpublished document: Basil Brown. Basil Brown Archive. Brown B, XCVI, 79; card index 459.
  • <S8> Map: OS. OS Map. OS 6" 1958..
  • <S9> Source Unchecked: RCHME?. Various. Field Investigators Comments. F1 PAS 6-JUL-76.
  • <S10> Digital archive: Historic England. National Record Of the Historic Environment.

Finds (0)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (2)

Record last edited

Apr 19 2021 9:53AM

Comments and Feedback

Do you have any more information about this record? Please feel free to comment with information and photographs, or ask any questions, using the "Disqus" tool below. Comments are moderated, and we aim to respond/publish as soon as possible.