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Suffix 33294
Date assigned 09 May 2001
Date last amended


The monument includes a medieval moated site, formerly occupied by Rushbrooke Hall, with an associated ornamental canal, located immediately to the west of the Old Pump House and 470m to the south west of the parish church of Rushbrooke. The moated site contains the remains of a great house built in the mid-16th century for the Jermyn family. Rushbrooke Hall, a red brick, two storey building, was E-shaped in plan and dated from about 1550. It was constructed around a courtyard, about 30m square with the main range of the house running along the north side of the moat and two long projecting wings along the east and west sides. At the four outer corners of the wings were polygonal turrets, three storeys high, capped with low cupolas. Access to the main range on the south side of Rushbrooke Hall was via the central porch, built of Barnack stone. Alterations made to the house in about 1735 included the complete modernisation of the north side of the building. The house was demolished in 1962 and is recorded in descriptions and old photographs. The moated site includes a roughly rectangular island which measures up to 60m east-west by 54m north-south and is raised by about 1m above the surrounding ground surface. It is enclosed by a water-filled moat measuring up to 16m wide and 3m deep. The outer walls of the 16th century house rose directly above the inner edge of the moat, and the brick footings of these walls survive as a revetment on all four sides of the island. The foundations of the brick corner turrets survive to the height of the island and an arch and window in the east side of the brick revetment locate the cellars sited beneath the wing on this side of the house. The brick revetting extends to the wide causeway across the north arm of the moat, and here it is decorated with blank arches. The main approach to Rushbrooke Hall across the southern arm of the moat was by the brick bridge supported on two arches. The bridge links up with both the brick revetting around the island and also the brick revetting along the outer edge of the southern arm of the moat which rises upwards into a brick wall. At certain times of the year the original outline of the walls of the house can be identified by parchmarks on the surface of the island. An ornamental canal approximately 5m from the north west corner of the moat, and aligned with the west arm, has been infilled but survives as a buried feature. The canal, which measures 114m long by up to 18m wide and which in 1970 measured an average depth of 2m, is thought to represent an ornamental feature within the former parkland, contemporary with the moated site. The manor of Rushbrooke is named after the Rushbrook family who owned lands in the parish of Rushbrooke from the 12th century. Between 1230 and 1703 the manor was held by the Jermyn family. Thomas Jermyn's will of 1552 mentions his `chambers in the new works' together with `the chambers all above as well as those beneath next the ground', perhaps indicating the newly built Rushbrooke Hall. Sir Robert Jermyn was knighted by Queen Elizabeth I in 1578 and is recorded as entertaining the Queen at Rushbrooke Hall on two occasions. The estate remained in the Jermyn family until the early 18th century, when it passed by marriage to the Davers family who held it until 1806. It was subsequently sold to Robert Rushbrooke, whose family owned the house until 1919. In 1938 ownership of the manor was taken over by the Rothschild family. The fences which follow the south and west sides of the moated site are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

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Grid reference Centred TL 8903 6119 (97m by 203m)
Map sheet TL86SE

Related Monuments/Buildings (2)

Record last edited

Dec 20 2019 3:34PM

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