Monument record STN 039 - Post medieval flint mines

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Summary

Post medieval flint mines have been identified from knapping waste and earthworks recorded during a site visit. The earthworks may now be levelled.

Location

Grid reference Centred TL 811 863 (230m by 189m) (Centred on)
Map sheet TL88NW
Civil Parish SANTON DOWNHAM, FOREST HEATH, SUFFOLK

Map

Type and Period (4)

Full Description

Flint mine complex. Possible extension(?) of STN 032 (to N) although across road, and possibly linking to STN 030 (mines) & STN 021 (PMed knapping waste). Sustantial pits survive on W of N-S ride (sand/gravel or chalk possibly) which may be part of complex. To E of ride SCC APs (S1) show (not very clearly) exposures of chalk on surface in area as approximately defined on HER map. Detailed documentary and earthwork surveys needed.
October 1996: Area rapidly surveyed showing clear evidence of former mining but area destumped and raked level by Forestry Commission prior to re-planting. Extent not determined but mines to not apear to extend to arable field to E though a scatter of PMed knapping waste is present in NW corner of field (S2).

January 2018. 'Brecks from Above' and Breckland National Mapping Programme.
The earthworks of post medieval flint mines described above were not identified on the consulted sources. The exposures of chalk identified on aerial photographs (S3, equivalent to S1) are small and look more likely to be the result of modern activity; they are markedly different from the extensive spreads visible at sites such as SHER STN 030 600m to the southwest. On imagery from a lidar survey flown in 2015 (S4), the ground appears a little uneven, but not enough to be regarded as clear evidence of former mining. As a consequence, no features have been mapped at the site; however, see other nearby sites of post medieval flint mines: SHER STN 182, STN 030 and STN 038.
S. Tremlett (Norfolk Historic Environment Service), 25th January 2018.

Sources/Archives (5)

  • <S1> (No record type): SCC, 1:10,000 vertical APs, 43 86 152 & 153.
  • <M1> (No record type): APs: (S1 in Ipswich).
  • <S2> (No record type): SAU, Pendleton C, Flint Mines: Rapid Survey, ms, October 1996, map.
  • <S3> Vertical Aerial Photograph: Vertical aerial photograph. Suffolk County Council Archaeological Service Airmap86 43 4386152-4386153 01-AUG-1986 (Print).
  • <S4> LIDAR Airborne Survey: LIDAR airborne survey. LIDAR Santon Forest Research 0.5m DTM 15-JUL-2015 (BNG Project, FC England, Fugro Geospatial).

Finds (0)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (2)

Record last edited

Feb 23 2018 4:00PM

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