Monument record BUT 001 - Burrow Hill Saxon (Sax)

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Summary

Major MSax site excavated in advance of quarrying operations by the Butley Excavation Group.

Location

Grid reference Centred TM 389 484 (575m by 510m) (Centred on)
Map sheet TM34NE
Civil Parish BUTLEY, SUFFOLK COASTAL, SUFFOLK

Map

Type and Period (10)

Full Description

Burrow Hill. Major MSax site excavated in advance of quarrying operations by the Butley Excavation Group. Details of excavations, 1978-1981, including date of circa AD 780 for early phase of cemetery of over 200 inhumations (predominantly male & adult) including claimed small boat burials. Ipswich type ware includes some stamp decorated sherds. Coins include 5 of Beonna from 1980-1981 excavation,one sceatta circa 690-750, 4 scattas circa 730-750 and one penny of Cuthred (Kent) 798-807, - see (S6)(S7).
1. Two joining sherds of Ipswich ware from edge of quarry at (see 'Not to be published on web' tab for finder/s and/or findspot/s). 2. Sherd of Ipswich ware from path on N edge of hill at approx (see 'Not to be published on web' tab for finder/s and/or findspot/s). 1. & 2. reported in 1978, 1. in SAU and 2. in possession of M Baker.
1983: `A sixth season of excavation by Valerie Fenwick on this 18 ha former island produced further closely-dated MSax contexts. Occupation of the summit occurred during the ? C4 BC.... and the late C7 to mid C9 centuries. A pottery kiln of coralline crag was dated archaeolmagnetically to circa AD830 by D H Tarling (Newcastle University) & a replica was built & fired to 800- 1000 degrees by E Rowe' (S1).
1984: `A seventh season of excavation on the summit revealed MSax post-in- hole structures. Clay loom weights, as small as 150g, together with iron `dress-makers' pins, needles and a bone bobbin, showed that fine cloth was being woven in the early C9' (S2).
1985: Eighth season. `Further Anglo-Saxon contexts were investigated' (S3). Finds include at least eleven coins, including some of Beonna (S4). Claims shaft furnace for iron ore and `Ipswich ware' kiln (S5).
Details in (S8)
See also BA, IA, Rom & Med.

Sources/Archives (9)

  • <S1> Bibliographic reference: Suffolk Institute of Archaeology. Proceedings of the Suffolk Institute of Archaeology. Archaeol in Suff, 1983, PSIA, 35, 1984, (4), 327.
  • <M1> Unpublished document: Suffolk Archaeological Service. Parish file.
  • <S2> Bibliographic reference: Suffolk Institute of Archaeology. Proceedings of the Suffolk Institute of Archaeology. Archaeol in Suff, 1984, PSIA, 36, 1985, (1), 50.
  • <S3> Bibliographic reference: Suffolk Institute of Archaeology. Proceedings of the Suffolk Institute of Archaeology. Archaeol in Suff, 1985, PSIA, 36, 1986, (2), 151.
  • <S4> (No record type): SAU (West S E), October 1988.
  • <S5> (No record type): Fenwick V, `New light on Anglo-Saxon Suffolk', Saxon, 1991, ill.
  • <S6> (No record type): Fenwick V, `Insula Burgh: Excav at Burrow Hill, Butley, Suffolk, 1978- 1981', Anglo-Saxon Studies in.
  • <S7> Bibliographic reference: West, S.E.. 1998. A corpus of Anglo-Saxon material from Suffolk (EAA 84). 16.
  • <S8> Article in serial: Suffolk Institute of Archaeology and History. Proceedings of the Suffolk Institute of Archaeology and History. PSIAH 35 (1) 1981 p78, PSIAH 36 (1) p50 1985, PSIAH 36 (2) 1986 p151.

Finds (22)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (0)

Record last edited

Jun 20 2013 3:22PM

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