Monument record BUC 012 - Remains of field systems, trackways and enclosures, of unknown date, visible as cropmarks.

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Summary

An extensive complex of cropmarks visible on aerial photographs, to the west of Bucklesham village, reveals the remains of field systems, trackways and enclosures of unknown, but probably later prehistoric date.

Location

Grid reference Centred TM 2339 4207 (1669m by 1284m)
Map sheet TM24SW
Civil Parish BUCKLESHAM, SUFFOLK COASTAL, SUFFOLK
Civil Parish FOXHALL, SUFFOLK COASTAL, SUFFOLK

Map

Type and Period (3)

Full Description

Complex of crop marks to NE, W and SW of Bucklesham village. Complex includes 7 ring ditches (BUC 002, 003, 021-025), several large and small enclosures (BUC 026 & FXL 021 (CRN 10790)) and field systems comprising a large number of linear ditches (S1)(S2)(S3).
1978: Two adjacent small enclosures seenon APs, one appears c. 20m by c. 30m, the other c.10 square (S15).

An extensive complex of cropmarks visible on aerial photographs, to the west of Bucklesham village, reveals the remains of field systems, trackways and enclosures, including rectangular enclosure FXL 021, of unknown but probably later prehistoric date. The predominant alignment of the tracks and field system is north-east to south-west. However it is unclear whether the greatest concentration of cropmarks is the remains of a truly co-axial field system or possibly a farmstead or settlement; a possible yard or large structure may be visible at circa TM23174214. To the east of the complex the orientation of the fields appears to tilt southwards, towards BUC 015, probably a continuation of this system. Two small (9 to 14 metres diameter) ring ditches are also visible (see FXL 052-3), possibly the remains of roundhouses, and potentially indicating a level of later prehistoric unenclosed settlement in this area. It is unclear whether these are directly associated with the field system. Similar cropmark complexes are visible to the north, south and east of Bucklesham, probably representing phases of land use from later prehistory into the medieval period (see BUC 069, BUC 075, BUC 015)(S4-13).

Sources/Archives (18)

  • <S1> (No record type): SAU, APs ACQ 23-27, ACS 26-29, ACU 3-5, ACX 12, ADG 15,16, AGF 17,18.
  • <M1> Photograph: CUCAP. CUCAP aerial photograph. APs: SAU ACQ 23-27, ACS 26-29, ACU 3-5, ACX 12, ADG 15,16, AGF 17,18; CUCAP.
  • <M2> (No record type): CDK 73; RCHME TM 2341/7/301.
  • <S2> Photograph: CUCAP. CUCAP aerial photograph. CUCAP, AP CDK 73.
  • <S3> (No record type): RCHME, AP TM 2341/7/301, June 1976.
  • <S4> Photograph: National Monuments Record. Air Photograph. NMR TM 2241/1 22-JUN-1979.
  • <S5> Photograph: National Monuments Record. Air Photograph. NMR TM 2241/2 22-JUN-1979.
  • <S6> Photograph: National Monuments Record. Air Photograph. NMR TM 2342/47 (21366/10) 30-JUL-2001.
  • <S7> Photograph: National Monuments Record. Air Photograph. NMR TM 2342/28 (1766/439) 04-JUN-1980.
  • <S8> Photograph: Essex County Council. Air Photograph. NMR TM 2342/33 (EXC 16928/11) 13-JUN-1996.
  • <S9> Photograph: National Monuments Record. Air Photograph. NMR TM 2342/11 23-JUL-1975.
  • <S10> Photograph: National Monuments Record. Air Photograph. NMR TM 2342/38 (RHF 1770/26) 27-JUL-1979.
  • <S11> Photograph: National Monuments Record. Air Photograph. NMR TM 2342/5 (ACQ 23) 21-JUL-1975.
  • <S12> Photograph: National Monuments Record. Air Photograph. NMR TM 2342/8 (ACQ 26) 21-JUL-1975.
  • <S13> Photograph: National Monuments Record. Air Photograph. NMR TM 2241/4/176 (SF1658) 12-JUL-1979.
  • <S14> Unpublished document: Martin, E.. 1976. Prehistoric Crop-Mark Sites in Suffolk.
  • <S15> Unpublished document: Martin, E. A. and Plouviez, J.. 1978. Prehistoric and Roman Cropmark Sites in Suffolk.
  • <S16> Article in serial: Colchester Archaeological Group. 1977. Colchester Arch Group Bull 20 1977.

Finds (0)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (1)

Record last edited

Jul 5 2021 3:37PM

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