Monument record WLL 002 - St Mary Magdalene's Churchyard, Little Whelnetham.

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Summary

Remains of Circular Structure E of Church. Scheduled

Location

Grid reference Centred TL 8885 6001 (102m by 70m)
Map sheet TL86SE
Civil Parish LITTLE WHELNETHAM, ST EDMUNDSBURY, SUFFOLK

Map

Type and Period (4)

Full Description

Remains of Circular Structure E of Church.
A circle of flint walling about 26 feet in diameter and 3 feet thick (i.e. too thin for a tower), with a slightly inset porch to the W, but no E apse, somewhat offset from the axis of the church. A single buttress on the N & S sides with remains of oolite quoining. Masonry suggests early Norman but hardly Saxon date. Probably a chapel but precise purpose unknown as no documentation discovered (S1).
July 1967: `Excavation by vicar and churchwardens of site exposing remaining portion of western side, and have ... followed round the wall, giving a plan now like this' (sketch plan showing circular plan part disturbed by graves, 26 feet in diameter, with entrance (not inset) to W, buttress to N and possible buttress to S. Notes main axis not in line with church (S3).
1981: Inset porch not visible as W end grass covered. Buttresses also not apparent slight depression on S side posssibly marks site of buttress. Some loose flint brick and oolite on structure. Brambles beginning to cover N side (S1).
'In the churchyard the remains of a circular flint building. It has been suggested that this was originally either a bi-apsidal chapel (as at the Saxon Abbey at Winchester) or a Saxon Watch Tower' (S2).
1991: Vestiges remain in graveyard of church which is quite well tended. Inside broken circle of stones there is a derelict sarcophagus.

Sources/Archives (6)

  • <M1> (No record type): SAM file:.
  • <S1> Unpublished document: Department of the Environment. Scheduling information.
  • <S2> Bibliographic reference: Pevsner N & Radcliffe E. 1974. The Buildings of England: Suffolk. 2, 342.
  • <M2> Unpublished document: Suffolk Archaeological Service. Parish file. Parish file: (S3).
  • <S3> (No record type): West S E, copy of letter to Mr Rigold, July 1967.
  • <S4> Photograph: Air Photographs. NAU, TL 887 587, JFX 13-16 & JFY 1, 20 July 1992.

Finds (0)

Protected Status/Designation

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Related Events/Activities (3)

Record last edited

Jun 26 2009 10:20AM

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