Monument record BSE 030 - Westgarth Gardens (Anglo-Saxon) (Sax)

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ESax cemetery - see Arttype for full list of artefacts.


Grid reference Centred TL 8426 6339 (50m by 50m)
Map sheet TL86SW


Type and Period (3)

Full Description

See Arttype for full list of artefacts.
Early C5-C7 cemetery. Part excavated, 67 graves with 4 cremations. Glass vessel with two lugs; cone beaker; equal arm brooch (S1)(S2)(S3). For details of finds & excavation - see (S4) & further discussion and comparison with the Holywell Row cemetery (MNL 084) - see (S5).
Also see publication (S6), reviewed in Antiquity 82 (2008), 1147-9.
Also IA.

From NHRE record:

(TL 845633) An Anglo-Saxon Pagan cemetery was discovered on a building site at Westgarth Gardens Bury St Edmunds, in 1972. 67 graves were excavated, of which 4 were cremations. The grave goods showed "the usual complement of equipment, but three graves were of particular importance. The first was the grave of an old woman with 3 brooches one of which was an equal armed type of unique design. The second, a warrior with shield, spear, knife, a very large pot, a sword with decorated hilt, a sword bead, and a complete glass cone beaker. The third, also male, had a shield, spear, and a small bucket shaped glass vessel with two upright lugs of unique design to support a handle. The cemetery was in use between early 5th century to mid late 7th century, closing with 2 graves containing tall conical sugar leaf shield bosses. (S2)

Sources/Archives (11)

  • <S1> Index: OS. OS Card. OS, card TL86SW17.
  • <M1> Unpublished document: Basil Brown. Basil Brown Archive. Basil Brown archive: volume.
  • <M2> (No record type): Excavation archive:.
  • <S2> Bibliographic reference: Suffolk Institute of Archaeology. Proceedings of the Suffolk Institute of Archaeology. PSIA, 32, 1972, 283.
  • <M3> (No record type): Photographs: BZN 1-3, 20, CRU 1-3, 15-21, 28-41; CRV-CRZ.
  • <S3> Unpublished document: Basil Brown. Basil Brown Archive. Brown B, LXXXVI, 7 - newspaper cutting reporting first find of skeletons.
  • <S4> (No record type): West S E, `The Anglo-Saxon Cemetery at Westgarth Gardens, Bury St Edmunds...: Catalogue', EAA 38.
  • <S5> (No record type): Pader E J, `Symbolism, Social Relations & the Interpretation of Mortuary Remains', BAR Int series, 1.
  • <S6> Bibliographic reference: East Anglian Archaeology. Penn K, Brubmann B with KH Nielsen, Aspects of Anglo-Saxon inhumation burial … EAA 119, 2007.
  • <S7> Bibliographic reference: Geake, H.. 1997. The use of grave-goods in conversion-period England.
  • <S8> Map: OS. OS Map. OS 1/500 1885.

Finds (37)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (1)

Record last edited

Mar 12 2021 2:57PM

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