Monument record BNH 013 - East Farm Brick Pit, Barnham, (Palaeolithic)

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Summary

Clactonian industry (lower Palaeolithic flint industry) found in a brick pit at a depth of about 3m, on and in gravel underlying brickearth. Also Handaxes.

Location

Grid reference Centred TL 8753 7866 (164m by 78m)
Map sheet TL87NE
Civil Parish BARNHAM, ST EDMUNDSBURY, SUFFOLK

Map

Type and Period (2)

Full Description

Clactonian (Flake based tools) industry overlain by Acheulean (Including Handaxes) Industry, (S3,S14)

Pre 1914: artefacts including handaxes mentioned by Clarke, (S6)

c. 1933: Excavation by Paterson and Fagg, (S1, S2)

1979: Small Excavation bu Wymer, (S9).

1989-94: Excavations have demonstrated contemporaneity of Clactonian and Acheulean flint industries, (S5,S7,S8,S10,S12,S15).

Scientific dating report on British Aggregates by English Heritage (S11)

2013-2018: Excavations of the Lower Palaeolithic site have been ongoing since 2013. A primary aim of the excavations in 2013-2017 was to investigate the relationship between the two different archaeological assemblages present at the site. A new area (Area 6 VI) positioned between Area 1I and Area IV (4) has provided increased geological resolution and archaeological data that has enabled the relationship between the Clactonian and Acheulean assemblages to be resolved. The two assemblages represent two culturally distinct populations, a first group with lithic technology that did not include the manufacture of hand axes followed sometime later by a second group with hand axes. The excavations in Area VI also recovered evidence for burning in the form of large quantities of burnt flint, including small numbers of burnt flint artefacts. The majority of the burnt material has been recovered from the palaeosol (S13, S14).

2020: No excavation due to Covid 19

2021:Excavation resumed

Sources/Archives (18)

  • <S1> Unpublished document: Basil Brown. Basil Brown Archive. Brown B, XCVIII, 9, 70, map 6.
  • <S2> Article in serial: PATERSON, T. T. & FAGG, B. E. B.. 1940. Studies on the Palaeolithic Succession in England, Studies on the Palaeolithic Succession in England,,No II: the Upper Brecklandian Acheul (Elveden).
  • <S3> Bibliographic reference: Wymer, J.J.. 1985. Palaeolithic Sites of East Anglia.
  • <S4> Excavation archive: Wymer, J.J.. 1988. JJ Wymer Excavation Archive. Wymer J J, November 1988.
  • <S5> Article in serial: Martin, E.A., Pendleton, C. & Plouviez, J.. 1993. Archaeology in Suffolk 1992. XXXVIII (1).
  • <S6> Article in serial: Clarke, W.G.. 1914. Some Barnham Palaeoliths.
  • <S7> Article in serial: Ashton N M et al. 1994. Excavations at the Lower Palaeolithic site at East Farm, Barnham, Suffolk 1989-92. Ashton N M et al, `Excavations at the Lower Palaeolithic site at East Farm, Barnham, Suffolk 1989-92.
  • <S8> Article in serial: Ashton N M et al. 194. Contemporaneity of Clactonian & Acheulian flint industries at Barnham, Suffolk. Ashton N M et al, `Contemporaneity of Clactonian & Acheulian flint industries at Barnham, Suffolk', .
  • <S9> Article in serial: Balkwill, C.J. & Martin, E.A.. 1980. Archaeology in Suffolk 1979. XXXIV (4).
  • <S10> Article in serial: Martin, E.A., Pendleton, C. & Plouviez, J.. 1992. Archaeology in Suffolk 1991. XXXVII (4).
  • <S11> Bibliographic reference: English Heritage. 2008. British Aggregates Scientific Dating Report, no. 6-2008. English Heritage, British Aggregates Scientific Dating Report, no. 6-2008.
  • <S12> Article in serial: Martin, E.A., Pendleton, C. & Plouviez, J.. 1995. Archaeology in Suffolk 1994. XXXVIII (3).
  • <S13> Article in serial: Minter, F. and Saunders, A.. 2018. Archaeology in Suffolk 2017, Proceedings of the Suffolk Institute of Archaeology and History.
  • <S14> Digital archive: Wymer, J.J.. 1999. The Lower Palaeolithic Occupation of Britain (TERPs) The Lower Palaeolithic Occupation of Britain (TERPS). 22671.
  • <S15> Article in serial: Martin, E.A., Pendleton, C. & Plouviez, J.. 1991. Archaeology in Suffolk 1990. XXXVII (3).
  • <S16> Article in serial: Ashton et al, Kirsty E.H. Penkmane, G. Russell Coopef. Handaxe and non-handaxe assemblages during Marine Isotope Stage 11 in northern Europe: recent investigations at Barnham, Suffolk, UK.
  • <S17> Digital archive: Historic England. National Record Of the Historic Environment.
  • <S18> Article in serial: Ashton, N. Davis, R. Kirsty E.H. Penkmane, G. Russell Coopef. 2021. Cultural Mosaics, Social Structure, and Identity: The Acheulean threshold in Europe.

Finds (9)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (6)

Record last edited

Jun 22 2021 1:50PM

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