Monument record STN 015 - Little Lodge Farm Gravel Pits, Including White's pit, Santon Downham, (Palaeolithic)

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Summary

Numerous hand-axes and one Levallois flake from gravel pits.

Location

Grid reference Centred TL 8410 8675 (58m by 54m) (Centred on)
Map sheet TL88NW
Civil Parish SANTON DOWNHAM, FOREST HEATH, SUFFOLK

Map

Type and Period (2)

Full Description

c.1865-c.1910: Numerous hand-axes and one Levallois flake from gravel pits. First hand-axe found by Henry Prigg in 1865, many hundreds found within a few years and continued discoveries up until circa 1910. "They include numerous elegant specimens in fresh condition and justify Evans (S2) statement that some of them afforded 'the finest instances of the skill of the Palaeolithic period which have been found in Britain, or indeed elsewhere'" (S1). Evans states that mammalian remains are scarce (S1,S2). For more detailed discussion and typology see (S1). For museum locations of finds see (S5)

1994: Initial section through South West side of pit. Summary in (S3, S4). Further excavations proposed.

2017: Investigations by Durham University, sections in Whites pit and the copse to the West, (S12).

2018: Investigations by Durham University, Section on third terrace of river Ouse on forestry path to the East. Report forthcoming.

Levallois flake dubious, (S12).

Ther is also a Terminal Upper Palaeolithic Long Blade Core From Little Lodge Farm (no further details) in Ipswich Museum, (S14, S15)

For other Palaeolithic finds from Little Lodge Farm see STN 013 and STN 166

1868: Flat Butted cordate or "Bout Coupe" handaxe found. There is disaggreement over exact provenance, (S16).

Sources/Archives (17)

  • --- Article in serial: White, M.. 1997. Investigations of an Earlier Palaeolithic site at White's Pit, Santon Downham.
  • <S1> Bibliographic reference: Wymer, J.J.. 1985. Palaeolithic Sites of East Anglia. 106,107.
  • <S2> Bibliographic reference: Evans, J.. 1897. The Ancient Stone implements, weapons and ornaments of Great Britain.
  • <S3> Unpublished document: Pettitt, P B & White, M J.. Jan 1995. Preliminary investigation of the Palaeolithic site at White's Pit, Santon Downham.
  • <S4> Article in serial: Martin, E.A., Pendleton, C. & Plouviez, J.. 1995. Archaeology in Suffolk 1994. XXXVIII (3).
  • <S5> Bibliographic reference: Roe, Derek.. 1968. A Gazetteer of British Lower & Middle Palaeolithic sites.
  • <S6> Article in serial: 1912. Summary of Proceedings. PSEA, 1, 234.
  • <S7> Personal Correspondence: Wingfield C. 1991. Bedford Museum (Wingfield C), letter and finds list to SAU (CP), October 1991.
  • <S8> Bibliographic reference: Roe, Derek.. 1981. The Lower and Middle Palaeolithic Periods in Britain..
  • <S9> Source Unchecked: Proc Norwich Geol Soc, 1, 164. Proc Norwich Geol Soc, 1, 164.
  • <S10> Bibliographic reference: BM Guide to the Stone Age, 16, 21. BM Guide to the Stone Age, 16, 21.
  • <S11> Digital archive: Wymer, J.J.. 1999. The Lower Palaeolithic Occupation of Britain (TERPs) The Lower Palaeolithic Occupation of Britain (TERPS). 22728, 22842.
  • <S12> Unpublished document: White, M, Davis, R. Hatch, M.. 2018. Preliminary report on Archaeological Excavations at White's Pit, Santon Downham.
  • <S13> Index: OS. OS Card. OS, card TL88NW19.
  • <S14> Digital archive: Jacobi, R.. 2014. Palaeolithic and Mesolithic Lithic Artefact (PaMELA) database. 218.
  • <S15> Bibliographic reference: Billington, L, P.. 2016. Lithic Scatters and Landscape Occupation in the Late Upper Palaeolithic and Mesolithic: A Case Study from Eastern England.. P 220.
  • <S16> Unpublished document: Cutler, Hannah. 2013. Understanding Late Middle Palaeolithic Neandertal Landscape-use during Short-Term Occupations in Britain.

Finds (10)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (5)

Record last edited

Sep 9 2020 3:12PM

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