Monument record SEY 002 - Homersfield Pit (Rom)

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Summary

Roman kiln/s, pottery, face mask mould for jugs, and coins.

Location

Grid reference Centred TM 288 853 (412m by 484m) (Centred on)
Map sheet TM28NE
Civil Parish ST MARY, SOUTH ELMHAM, OTHERWISE HOMERSFIELD, WAVENEY, SUFFOLK

Map

Type and Period (2)

Full Description

1) (see 'Not to be published on web' tab for finder/s and/or findspot/s). Pottery kiln built in a pit excavated in the natural sand. It consisted of a circular chamber with a diameter of 4 feet 6 inches at the surface and 4 feet 9 inches at the bottom being 2 feet 3 inches deep. The chamber wall was 8 or 9 inches thick and in the middle of the floor was a pedestal of rounded horseshoe shape. Date late C3 - early C4. Discovery of kiln fabric and pottery on the quarry's spoil heaps suggests that this kiln was part of a group (S3).
2) Pottery from Hall and Company's gravel pit, Homersfield, by exchange with Norwich Museum (S4).
3) (see 'Not to be published on web' tab for finder/s and/or findspot/s). As of Antoninus Pius AD 139 or AD 140-144. Reverse Felicitas standing holding caduceus and branch (M and S 679). From near kiln site at Homersfield. October 1963. Reported by (see 'Not to be published on web' tab for finder/s and/or findspot/s) (S5).
4) TM 290 851. Denarius of Trajan AD 100. Reverse Pax (M and S 38). 1963. Reported by (see 'Not to be published on web' tab for finder/s and/or findspot/s) (S5).
5) TM 2900 8512. Follis of Constantine I (AD 306-337). May 309-June 313, London mint (Askew 730). From square A, layer 3, 1964. Information from (see 'Not to be published on web' tab for finder/s and/or findspot/s) (S5)(S13).
6) As of Hadrian. M and S 798 AD 117 - 138. Antoninianus of Caracalla? From open ground on the site of the fourth kiln 1964. Information from (see 'Not to be published on web' tab for finder/s and/or findspot/s) (S5)(S13).
7) (see 'Not to be published on web' tab for finder/s and/or findspot/s). Sherds of coarse pottery, kiln debris, roofing tiles and one piece of iron slag from rubbish pit ? at Homersfield. Collected by (see 'Not to be published on web' tab for finder/s and/or findspot/s) (S6).
8) (see 'Not to be published on web' tab for finder/s and/or findspot/s). A mould for the production of face-masks for the embellishment of pottery jugs was found by (see 'Not to be published on web' tab for finder/s and/or findspot/s). Later presented to Ipswich Museum. Mould found near the site of a kiln excavated in 1959. Mask approximately 2 3/4 inches x 1 4/5 inches. Features naturalistic, hair stylised. Handle on back of mould. No sherds of jugs decorated in this way were recovered (S7).
Ipswich Museum card adds to the above as follows:- Small clay female head found inside a kiln, described as being `like a pudding basin upside down, clay-lined and filled with broken pottery'. The pottery was destroyed by workmen, but resembled that found at an adjacent kiln in 1959. Date probably C2. Evidently made in the kiln. Cast also in Ipswich Museum (S8). 4 kilns (S9).
February 1988: Denarius of Mark Anthony (32-31 BC) found in churned up gravel. Details in (S10).
01/11/2004 - Bronze coin - Antonine? Found whilst metal detecting. Greyware sherds and kiln debris found in 1963 also now recorded in Portable Antiquities Database. S11
Article written for evening class project (D Gurney, Norwich) in 1997 by W Holdridge. 'The Romans in Homersfield'. S12
Field plans and secton relating to Roman Kilns (Ref M119).

Sources/Archives (17)

  • <R1> (No record type): Journal of Roman Studies, 55, 1965, p 214 (ill).
  • <S1> (No record type): / SEW, undated.
  • <S1> (No record type): Smedley N & Owles E, Some Suffolk kilns : 1, A Romano-British pottery kiln at Homersfield, PSIA, 28,.
  • <M1> (No record type): AP: AGG 11.
  • <S1> (No record type): Gregory T (NWHCM), Norf Archaeol Index primary record card, March 1988.
  • <S2> Index: Ipswich Museum. IPSMG card. IPSMG, card Homersfield, 8/2/59.
  • <S3> Index: OS. OS Card. OS, card TM28NE1, 1978.
  • <S4> Index: Ipswich Museum. IPSMG card. IPSMG, card 962-174, 1962.
  • <S5> Index: Ipswich Museum. IPSMG card. IPSMG, card Homersfield Romano-British, undated.
  • <S6> Index: Ipswich Museum. IPSMG card. IPSMG, card 965-55, 1955.
  • <S7> (No record type): Smedley N & Owles E, A face-mould from the Romano-British kiln site at Homersfield, PSIA, 30, 1965, .
  • <S8> Index: Ipswich Museum. IPSMG card. IPSMG, card 963-74, 1963.
  • <S9> (No record type): SAU, West S E, undated.
  • <S11> Digital archive: Suffolk County Council Archaeological Service. Portable Antiquities Database. Plouviez, J., SCCAS. Nov 2004.
  • <S12> Bibliographic reference: Miscellaneous Bibliographic reference. 'The Romans in Homersfield'. 1997. W Holdridge.,.
  • <S13> Bibliographic reference: Suffolk Institute of Archaeology. Proceedings of the Suffolk Institute of Archaeology. Archaeol in Suff 1964, PSIA 30, 1964, 119.
  • <S14> Digital archive: Historic England. National Record Of the Historic Environment.

Finds (7)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (0)

Record last edited

Aug 10 2021 10:10AM

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