Monument record BNT 004 - Marsh Farm Gravel Pit; Brantham Hall Farm Gravel Pit (BA)

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Beaker inhumation graves, later BA urn cemetery and ring ditch with beaker pottery found during gravel working in pit.


Grid reference Centred TM 1167 3351 (136m by 206m) (Centred on)
Map sheet TM13SW


Type and Period (3)

Full Description

Beaker inhumation graves, later BA urn cemetery and ring ditch with beaker pottery found during gravel working in pit on E side of Marsh Farm.
The first archaeological notice was in 1914 when Mr J R Keeble, manager of Brantham Hall Farm, presented an Ardleigh-type urn to BM, although it is not certainly stated to be from the gravel pit.
The pit was in use from about 1919-1925 and other urns & broken pottery were allegedly found prior to 1923, when a group of at least 12 inverted urns were discovered, probably with cremations.
A group of 3 beaker pit graves, possibly more, was found to the SW of the `urnfield' in 1925 and an unprovenanced beaker and a flint dagger were also recorded from the gravel pit in 1923 & 1931. In 1925, to E of the `urnfield' and the beaker graves and clearly unconnected with them, was a ring ditch with an overall diameter of 28-30 feet (8.53-9. 10m). From centre came fragments of one beaker and from silted circular trench came a fragment of a second beaker. Mr Guy Maynard assisted (J R Moir?) with the excavation of the ring ditch and beaker graves. The `urnfield' may extend into the adjoining fields, probably to E. For details, drawings & 1951 sketch map, see (S1)(S2)(R1-R6). For details of beaker pottery from ring ditch, see (S5). For details & drawing of vessel with finger tipping on shoulder and finger-nail marks on rim and concave neck and brush marked body. No bones were found with the finds.
(see 'Not to be published on web' tab for finder/s and/or findspot/s)
Possibly further BA listed under IA.
Also Pal.

Sources/Archives (14)

  • <R1> (No record type): Moir J R, `Two LBA urns from E Anglia', MAN, 1919, 6-7.
  • <S1> Index: OS. OS Card. OS, card TM13SW5, sketch map.
  • <M1> Unpublished document: Suffolk Archaeological Service. Parish file. Parish file: copy (S2); slide CQ0 16.
  • <R2> Bibliographic reference: Suffolk Institute of Archaeology. Proceedings of the Suffolk Institute of Archaeology. PSIA, 18, 1922-4, 165.
  • <S2> (No record type): Gilmour R A, `Beaker & BA burials at Brantham Hall', PSIA, 33, 1974, (2), 116-130, (ill).
  • <R3> (No record type): Smith R A, `A Rare Urn from Suffolk', Ant Journ, 5, 1925, 73-74.
  • <S3> Index: Ipswich Museum. IPSMG card. IPSMG, cards 1923.4 1-13, 1925.1 1-5, 1931.222.
  • <R4> (No record type): Lanting, J.N. & Vander Waals, J.D.. Lanting J N & Vander Waals J D, Helinium, 12, 1972, 1, 20-46.
  • <S4> (No record type): IPSMG, slide (beaker) CQO 16.
  • <R5> (No record type): Clarke J G D, PPSEA, 6, 1931, 356.
  • <S5> (No record type): Gibson A M, Beaker Domestic Sites, BAR 107, 1982, 114-5.
  • <S6> (No record type): Balkwill C J, A Catalogue of IA pottery groups at Ipswich Museum (to 1980), circa 1980, ill.
  • <S7> (No record type): PPSEA, 6, 1929-32, 340-356.
  • <S8> Digital archive: Historic England. National Record Of the Historic Environment.

Finds (6)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (1)

Record last edited

May 5 2021 9:29AM

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