Monument record LKH 035 - Caudle Farm, (Or Caudle Common?), Lakenheath, (Palaeolithic)

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Hand-axe, (Flat Butted Ovate or Bout coupe), from Caudle Farm surface.


Grid reference Centred TL 722 812 (101m by 100m) (Approximate)
Map sheet TL78SW


Type and Period (1)

Full Description

c. 1871-1928

The larger of the two parts of this item was found in 1871 (as marked on it) the other smaller part was found sometime before 1928 (as indicated by its museum code). There are no other details of either pieces discovery other than it (the larger part?) being a surface find.

Wymer believed that Cardwell was probably a misspelling of Caudle, the name of the dry valley South of Maidscross Hill. As noted there are two parts to this item, “Brandon Down” could mean anything and as the break would appear to be recent Caudle seems the only option for this items find-location. Indeed there is nowhere named Cardwell near Lakenheath (as it is labelled by the Ashmolean museum and by Wymer). The common, now much reduced by the nearby airfield is well marked on maps from the 1890s as is the other side of the valley.

The cited grid reference appears to be a location of Caudle Farm house, probably not of actual findspot? The centre of the common should be considered as an alternative, albeit one that is still aproximate (TL727808), (S3)

C. 1985, A second, very large, hand-axe was also found by on the surface on Caudle Farm (S4).

Note proximity to other hand-axe finds at Eriswell (ERL 047) and Maidscross Hill (LKH 036)(S1).

See also Iron Age record.

Sources/Archives (7)

  • --- Unpublished document: Pendleton C F. 1987. Catalogue of finds and findspots,1965-1987, unpublished.
  • <S1> Bibliographic reference: Evans, J.. 1897. The Ancient Stone implements, weapons and ornaments of Great Britain.
  • <S2> Bibliographic reference: Roe, Derek.. 1968. A Gazetteer of British Lower & Middle Palaeolithic sites.
  • <S3> Unpublished document: Cutler, Hannah. 2013. Understanding Late Middle Palaeolithic Neandertal Landscape-use during Short-Term Occupations in Britain.
  • <S4> Bibliographic reference: Wymer, J.J.. 1985. Palaeolithic Sites of East Anglia.
  • <S6> Bibliographic reference: 1911. VCH Suffolk 1. 260.
  • <S7> Digital archive: Wymer, J.J.. 1999. The Lower Palaeolithic Occupation of Britain (TERPs) The Lower Palaeolithic Occupation of Britain (TERPS). 23036.

Finds (2)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (4)

Record last edited

Apr 28 2020 12:49PM

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