Monument record IKL 004 - Bronze Age Barrow Bernersfield Farm

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Summary

Round barrow, part of group of (?8) - see IKL 002-003, 005, 049 and 072-074. scheduled. The barrow can be seen as an earthwork on aerial photographs.

Location

Grid reference Centred TL 7894 7529 (30m by 34m)
Map sheet TL77NE
Civil Parish ICKLINGHAM, FOREST HEATH, SUFFOLK

Map

Type and Period (3)

Full Description

Round barrow, part of group of (?8) - see IKL 002-003, 005, 049 and 072-074. Recorded on Hodskinson's map of Suffolk 1783 (S1) and OS 1st edition, 1843 (S2).
1871: Excavated by Henry Prigg (S3)(R2). Henry Prigg excavated each of the four (recognisable) barrows, IKL 003, 004, 005 & ? 073 in July 1866 (largest)(S9), Autumn 1871 (two tumuli adjacent to the `westernmost of the group') and September 1872 (westernmost)(S9)(R2). It is not clear which was the `largest', but this is presumed to be IKL 005 or the `westernmost' (either 003 or 073), which is presumed to be IKL 073. No details of the excavations of the two adjacent tumuli east, other than a reference to Henry Prigg junior - "who, it may be remembered, at this time last year explored the two adjacent ones of the series" (S10)(R2).
1935: 30- 35 yards diameter, 2- 3 ft high (S4). 1954: "Mound 2- 3 ft high" (S8).
1962: Diameter 35m, NE- SW by 31m transversely, 1. 1m high. Turf covered, NW side mutilated by track and fence, in ground lately re- afforested (S5). 90 ft diameter, 3 ft high. In hedge with young firs, difficult to assess measurements (S6).
1976: Diameter 23m, 0.64m high, grassed on edge of afforested area (S6)(S7). 1977: 35m NE-SW by 31.0m transversely by 1.1m high. In forestry belt. NW side mutilated by fence & track (S5).
1981: Planted with young firs, difficult to assess measurements (S6). April 1998: Scheduled area revised - see (S6).

June 2019. Breckland National Mapping Programme.
A Bronze Age barrow can be seen as an earthwork on aerial photographs (S10-S11). The round barrow can be seen as an earthwork clearly in the 1950s and is under an area of trees on recent (2007) imagery (S11). The feature is part of a group of round barrows with a barrow to the north east (IKL 005), a possible ploughed out barrow to the north (IKL 074) and a further group of three barrows (IKL 002, IKL 003, IKL 072) to the west.
J.Powell (Norfolk Historic Environment Service), 19th June 2019.

Sources/Archives (18)

  • <M1> (No record type): Barrow survey archive:.
  • <R1> (No record type): Grinsell L V, Ancient Burial Mounds of England, 1936, 183.
  • <S1> (No record type): Hodskinson J, Map of Suffolk 1783, Suff Rec Soc Reprint, 15, 1972.
  • <S1> (No record type): J Brit Archaeol Assoc, 30, 1874, 195.
  • <S2> (No record type): OS, 1 inch map, 1st ed, 1843.
  • <R2> (No record type): Bury & Norwich Post, September 17, 1872.
  • <M2> (No record type): SAM file:.
  • <M3> Unpublished document: Suffolk Archaeological Service. Parish file. Parish file: (Lackford) transcription of (S9); copy (S3).
  • <S3> (No record type): J Brit Archaeol Assoc, 30, 1874, 195.
  • <S4> Museum Record Card: Norwich Castle Museum. Various?. NWHCM.
  • <S5> Index: OS. OS Card. OS, card TL77NE10D.
  • <S6> Unpublished document: Department of the Environment. Scheduling information.
  • <S7> Bibliographic reference: Lawson A J, Martin E A & Priddy D. 1981. The Barrows of East Anglia. list.
  • <S8> Index: Ipswich Museum. IPSMG card. IPSMG, card Icklingham, undated.
  • <S9> (No record type): Prigg H, Notebook No. 2, SRO (Bury), Acc No. 1202, 1866 entry.
  • <S10> Vertical Aerial Photograph: Vertical aerial photograph. RAF/58/2688 F22 0051-0052 25-JAN-1959 (HEA Original Print).
  • <S11> Vertical Aerial Photograph: Vertical aerial photograph. EARTH.GOOGLE.COM 03-AUG-2007 ACCESSED 18-SEP-2013 (Digital).
  • <S12> Digital archive: Historic England. National Record Of the Historic Environment.

Finds (0)

Protected Status/Designation

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (7)

Record last edited

Oct 26 2021 10:12AM

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