Monument record IKL 073 - Bernersfield Farm

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Summary

Round barrow, also ? mislocated as IKL 049.

Location

Grid reference Centred TL 7868 7556 (50m by 50m)
Map sheet TL77NE
Civil Parish ICKLINGHAM, FOREST HEATH, SUFFOLK

Map

Type and Period (3)

Full Description

Round barrow, also ? mislocated as IKL 049. Part of group of ?8 - see IKL 002-005, 049, 072 & 074.
1783: ?Possibly one of 4 barrows shown on Hodskinsons map (S1). 1843: Probably westernmost of group of 4 shown on OS 1st edition map (S2).
Henry Prigg excavated each of the four (recognisable) barrows, IKL 003, 004, 005 & ? 073 in July 1866 (largest)(S6). Autumn 1871 (two tumuli adjacent to the `westernmost of the group') and September 1872 (westernmost)(S6)(R1). It is not clear which was the `largest' but this is presumed to be IKL 005, or the `westernmost' (either 003 or 073) which is presumed to be IKL 073. No details of the excavations of the two adjacent tumuli east other than a reference to Henry Prigg junior - "who, it may be remembered, at this time last year explored the two adjacent ones of the series"(S6).
1872: Prigg excavated "the westernmost tumulus", "over 90 ft in diameter by about 4 ft in height" and "situated in a field". Two small vessels ("a cinerary urn" and a "plain drinking cup") and the remains of five cremations were found, and there were indications of a central grave although nothing was found in or near it. Other finds include a round scraper, flint hammer stone and a quartzite pebble, "that had been used as a flint flaker". Full details in (S3)(S6)(R1). The `N2' beaker in Elveden Estate Museum (S5) is not one of these. Note Prigg's "Westernmost tumulus" may relate to this or, possibly, IKL 002.
1977: "Ploughed remains of a barrow visible as a circular `lift' in stubble. It measures approximately 40m in diameter by 0.3m high with no visible ditch. No trace of any excavation was seen on the surface (S3).
1979: Diameter 37m, height 0.3m, in ploughed field (set to grass)(S4).

Sources/Archives (10)

  • <R1> (No record type): Bury & Norwich Post, note, 17-9-1872.
  • <M1> (No record type): Barrow survey archive:.
  • <S1> (No record type): Hodskinson R, Map of Suffolk 1783, Suff Rec Soc Reprint, 15, 1972.
  • <S2> (No record type): OS, 1 inch map, 1st ed, 1843.
  • <M2> Unpublished document: Suffolk Archaeological Service. Parish file. Parish file: copy (S6); comparative notes on barrow group.
  • <S3> Index: OS. OS Card. OS, card TL77NE10, 1976 & 1977.
  • <S4> (No record type): SAU, Martin E A, Suffolk Barrow Survey archive notes, Ms, February 1979.
  • <S5> (No record type): Clarke D L, Beaker Pottery of GB & Ire, 1970, 497, fig 506.
  • <S6> (No record type): Jour Brit Archaeol Assoc, 30, 1874, 195-196.
  • <S7> Digital archive: Historic England. National Record Of the Historic Environment.

Finds (5)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (3)

Record last edited

Oct 26 2021 10:18AM

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