Monument record IKL 127 - Mitchells Farm, Trench A

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1997-2000: University training & research excavation - predominantly Rom finds.


Grid reference Centred TL 77909 72130 (23m by 29m)
Map sheet TL77SE


Type and Period (6)

Full Description

1997-2000: University training excavation on line of Roman road/trackway - predominantly Rom finds including complete horse burial. Details to follow? (S1). Summary below.
"Located to the east of Mitchell’s Farm (TL 7791 7211). Research excavations were undertaken between 1997 and 2000, by students from the Universities of Cambridge and Durham supervised by Dr Jess Tipper under the overall direction of Dr Catherine Hills (University of Cambridge). The principal aim of this work was to characterise the nature and date of the deposits and also to assess the level of preservation of features defined in a large-scale geophysical survey carried out by English Heritage in response to the continued destruction of the site by modern agricultural techniques and treasure-hunters. The results of this survey were spectacular, showing extensive multi-phase settlement remains with boundaries enclosing domestic and industrial features and with associated roads and tracks.
The small excavation, located on the western edge of the settlement contained a deep and complex stratigraphic sequence spanning the early Roman to post-medieval periods. Features survived as prominent earthworks and the excavation demonstrated an outstanding level of preservation; it is probably one of the very few sites to still survive in the region because it has not been subjected to modern agricultural techniques.
Several phases of a metalled Roman road with associated roadside ditches were defined, which remained in use until the eighteenth century. The pottery assemblage spanned the entire Roman period and suggests intense activity in the vicinity of this site during the late and latest Roman periods. The burial of a well-preserved Roman horse that had suffered extraordinary ill-treatment, radiocarbon-dated to between the second and fourth centuries AD, cut through the latest of three human burials defined on the northern side of the road. This burial, of an elderly woman, was lying face down in the upper level of a roadside ditch. There was structural evidence in the form of a beam slot, probably part of a property boundary or possibly part of a building, also extensive pitting on the north side of the road. To the south of the road was a bank of post-medieval date, sealing a Roman cobble surface." (S2).

Sources/Archives (2)

  • <S1> Verbal communication: Personal communication. Hills Dr C, University of Cambridge.
  • <S2> Unpublished document: Suffolk County Council Archaeologcial Service. Various. Tipper Dr J (SCCAS), summary report, Oct 2006.

Finds (1)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (2)

Record last edited

Dec 18 2012 9:40AM

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