Monument record FAS 056 - OUTLINE RECORD: Bronze Age Burnt Mound and cremation cemetery, Iron Age D-shaped enclosure and Roman Enclosure

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Summary

Excavation identified large burnt mound/well complex as well as the badly-truncated remains of a small Bronze Age cremation cemetery and the remnants of Bronze Age, Iron Age and Roman field systems, including an Iron Age D-shaped enclosure and the corner of a Roman enclosure.

Location

Grid reference Centred TL 83440 66273 (693m by 534m)
Map sheet TL86NW
Civil Parish FORNHAM ALL SAINTS, ST EDMUNDSBURY, SUFFOLK

Map

Type and Period (17)

Full Description

Excavation identified a large burnt mound/well complex dated to the Early Bronze Age and covering an area 23m by 21m in an irregular circular shape, including a cobbled surface overlain by thick deposits of burnt flint and charcoal. It lay within and made use of a natural hollow in which were two large water collection pits dug into the natural clay and seventeen smaller pits for heating water, all with charcoal rich fills and full of heat-altered flint and stone. The burnt mound/well complex produced large amounts of struck flint debitage and tools, including over 250 flint scrapers and smaller amounts of beaker pottery. The site resembles other complexes found on the fen-edge, but its location high above the valley is unusual. Soil samples and various scientific analyses, as well as further research is anticipated to reveal more about the function of this feature. The working hypothesis is that processing of organic materials, perhaps hides or wattle hurdles was taking place, in which water was being collected in the larger pits and heated within the smaller pits.

Cutting the burnt mound/well complex was part of an Iron Age ā€˜Dā€™-shaped enclosure, and to the east of it was a Bronze Age drove way aligned north-east to south-west consisting of three to four small parallel gullies with an internal routeway of 8-9m, and associated pitting dating to the Bronze Age and later Iron Age along its length.

Also at the top of the slope was a Roman square enclosure with an associated ditched field system, pits, and quarrying. Roman finds, including pottery, CBM and metalworking slag were recovered from these features, with a dense concentration in the north-west corner.

Sources/Archives (2)

  • --- Article in serial: Minter, F. and Saunders, A.. 2018. Archaeology in Suffolk 2017, Proceedings of the Suffolk Institute of Archaeology and History.
  • --- Article in serial: Suffolk Institute of Archaeology. 2017. Archaeology in Suffolk, 2016.

Finds (9)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (1)

Record last edited

Oct 22 2021 11:26AM

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