Monument record HXN 001 - Lake Sediments at Hoxne Brickworks, Hoxne, (Palaeolithic)
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|Grid reference||Centred TM 1753 7665 (556m by 322m)|
|Civil Parish||HOXNE, MID SUFFOLK, SUFFOLK|
Type and Period (1)
Hoxne is an important site for understanding the Lower Palaeolithic occupation of northern Europe.
The sequence at Hoxne are of particular importance because they contain abundant palaeoenvironmental evidence and also a rich Palaeolithic archaeological record. Despite the long history of research at Hoxne, it remains unclear how the primary context human industries relate to the environmental record and the correlation of this part of the succession with the marine isotope sequence is uncertain. The current research has focussed on these issues as part of a wider investigation of human presence during MIS 11 under the auspices of the Ancient Human Occupation of Britain Project. Since the discovery at Hoxne of Lower Palaeolithic handaxes by Frere (1800), the site has been the subject nof several investigations, providing often radical reinterpretations of previous work. This work has focussed on two pits, either side of the Hoxne to Eye road. The Old Brick Pit to the east of the road was the subject of the earliest investigations, and these were supplemented by work in the Oakley Park Pit when this was first opened in the mid-19th century, (S8).
The site has yielded numerous handaxes, including twisted ovate handaxes, pointed handaxes, and various flakes and scrapers, divided into upper and lower assemblages, (S11).
1797: Finds of handaxes recorded by Frere, (S1), showing the antiquity of humans.
c.1860: Investigations by Prestwich, (S2).
1895-1896: Geomorphological Survey by Carlton Reid, (S3)
1924-1926, 1934: Investigations by Reid Moir, (S4, S5)
1951: Investigations by West and McBurney, (S15)
1968: Casual Observation of Palaeolithic and Mesolithic (See HXN 002) items, (S7)
1971-1974, 1978: Excavation by Wymer and the University of Chicago, (S6)
2000-2003: Excavations by Ashton and the British Museum, (S8).
See other sources.
- <S1> SSF59545 Article in serial: Prestwich, J.. 1860. On the occurrence of flint-implements, associated with the remains of animals of extinct species in beds of a late geological period, in France at Amiens and Abbeville, and in England at Hoxne.
- <S2> SSF59544 Article in serial: Frere, J,. 1800. Account of ﬂint weapons discovered at Hoxne in Suffolk.
- <S3> SSF59546 Bibliographic reference: Evans, J., Morse, E., Reid, C., Ridley, E.P., Ridley, H.N.. 1860. The relation of Palaeolithic man to the glacial epoch relation of Palaeolithic man to the glacial epoch. Report of the British.
- <S4> SSF59547 Article in serial: Moir J R. 1926. The Silted-up Lake of Hoxne and its contained Flint Implements.
- <S5> SSF59548 Article in serial: Moir J R. 1934. Lower Palaeolithic Man at Hoxne, England.
- <S6> SSF59549 Bibliographic reference: Singer, R., Gladfelter, B.G., Wymer, J.J.. 1993. The Lower Paleolithic Site at Hoxne, England. Site at Hoxne, England.
- <S7> SSF55973 Article in serial: Owles, E. J. and N. Smedley. 1968. Archaeology in Suffolk, 1968. PSIAH, 1968, XXXI.2, pp. 188–201..
- <S8> SSF59550 Article in serial: Ashton et al, Kirsty E.H. Penkmane, G. Russell Coopef. 2008. New evidence for complex climate change in MIS 11 from Hoxne, Suffolk, UK.
- <S9> SSF59351 Digital archive: Wymer, J.J.. 1999. The Lower Palaeolithic Occupation of Britain (TERPs) The Lower Palaeolithic Occupation of Britain (TERPS). 22675.
- <S10> SSF59423 Article in serial: White, M.J. & Ashton, N; Bridgland.. 2019. Twisted Handaxes in Middle Pleistocene Britain and their Implications for Regional-scale Cultural Variation and the Deep History of Acheulean Hominin Groups.
- <S11> SSF50084 Bibliographic reference: Wymer, J.J.. 1985. Palaeolithic Sites of East Anglia.
- <S12> SSF54455 Bibliographic reference: 1911. Victoria County History, Suffolk (VCH).
- <S13> SSF50072 Unpublished document: Suffolk Archaeological Service. Parish file. Parish file: Various.
- <S14> SSF23424 Excavation archive: Wymer, J.J.. 1988. JJ Wymer Excavation Archive. Wymer J J, November 1988.
- <S15> SSF59551 Article in serial: West, R.G., McBurney. 1954. The Quaternary deposits at Hoxne, Suffolk and their archaeology.
- <S16> SSF55366 Article in serial: Martin, E.A., Pendleton, C. & Plouviez, J.. 2004. Archaeology in Suffolk 2003. XXXX (4).
- <S17> SSF59552 Web Page: AHOB. Ahob Website, (Hoxne Entry).
- <S18> SSF55365 Article in serial: Martin, E.A., Pendleton, C. & Plouviez, J.. 2003. Archaeology in Suffolk 2002. XXXX (3).
- <S19> SSF55363 Article in serial: Martin, E.A., Pendleton, C., Plouviez, J., Thomas, G. & Geake, H.. 2001. Archaeology in Suffolk 2000. XXXX (1).
- <S20> SSF59794 Digital archive: Historic England. National Record Of the Historic Environment.
- <S21> SSF60053 Article in serial: Ashton, N. Davis, R. Kirsty E.H. Penkmane, G. Russell Coopef. 2021. Cultural Mosaics, Social Structure, and Identity: The Acheulean threshold in Europe.
- FSF22214: CORE (MIS11 - 422000 BC? to 372000 BC?)
- FSF22215: HANDAXE (MIS11 - 422000 BC? to 372000 BC?)
- FSF22216: ANIMAL REMAINS (MIS11 - 422000 BC? to 372000 BC?)
- FSF22217: INSECT REMAINS (MIS11 - 422000 BC to 372000 BC)
- FSF50486: SUB CORDATE HANDAXE (MIS11 - 422000 BC to 372000 BC)
- FSF50487: CORDATE HANDAXE (MIS11 - 422000 BC to 372000 BC)
- FSF50489: TWISTED OVATE HANDAXE (MIS11 - 422000 BC to 372000 BC)
- FSF50490: AXEHEAD ROUGHOUT (MIS11 - 422000 BC to 372000 BC)
- FSF50491: FLAKE (MIS11 - 422000 BC to 372000 BC)
- FSF50492: RETOUCHED FLAKE (MIS11 - 422000 BC to 372000 BC)
- FSF50493: HAMMERSTONE (MIS11 - 422000 BC to 372000 BC)
- FSF50494: BORER (MIS11 - 422000 BC to 372000 BC)
- FSF50495: POINTED HANDAXE (MIS11 - 422000 BC to 372000 BC)
- FSF50496: SCRAPER (TOOL) (MIS11 - 422000 BC to 372000 BC)
- None recorded
Related Monuments/Buildings (0)
Related Events/Activities (10)
- Event - Intervention: Casual Observation? Hoxne Brickworks, Hoxne (ESF27474)
- Event - Interpretation: Enhancement of the Suffolk HER for the Palaeolithic & Mesolithic Periods (ESF26899)
- Event - Intervention: Excavation, Hoxne Brickworks, Hoxne (Ref: Aston, N; BM) (ESF27479)
- Event - Intervention: Excavation, Hoxne Brickworks, Hoxne (Ref: Moir J Reid) (ESF16154)
- Event - Intervention: Excavation, Hoxne Brickworks, Hoxne (Ref: Moir J Reid) (ESF27478)
- Event - Intervention: Excavation, Hoxne Brickworks, Hoxne (Ref: Wymer J J, Univ Chicago) (ESF16172)
- Event - Intervention: Excavation? Hoxne Brickworks, Hoxne (Ref: Frere) (ESF27477)
- Event - Intervention: Excavation? Hoxne Brickworks, Hoxne, (Ref: Prestwich J) (ESF15892)
- Event - Intervention: Geomorphological Survey, Hoxne Brickworks, Hoxne (Ref: Reid C) (ESF16119)
- Event - Intervention: Geomorphological Survey? Hoxne Brickworks, Hoxne, (Ref: West R G) (ESF16166)
Record last edited
Jun 22 2021 1:16PM