Monument record EYE 003 - Waterloo Plantation (Sax)

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Cremation cemetery.


Grid reference Centred TM 1564 7488 (100m by 100m)
Map sheet TM17SE


Type and Period (3)

Full Description

Cremation cemetery.
Circa 1818: Workmen digging gravel unearthed cremation urn. 120 square yards "ransacked", produced 150 urns in 3-4 days, but individual urns removed with care. 17 of these kept in possession of Marquis Cornwallis, owner of Abbey Farm. Depth of deposition of urns varied between 4 inches and 2feet from the surface. Full of cremated bone and underlying a layer of pebbles forming a `kind of pavement' at a depth of 9-12 inches. Urns varied between 5-9 inches and varied in their `ornamental marks' - lines, curves, angles and dots - some more elegant than others - no two the same. Other finds included a few fragments of iron shears the size of small scissors, two ivory globular buttons and bronze tweezers two and a half inches long. Described as Rom but probably Sax. Account in Gentlemans Magazine is signed "VIATOR" of Wormingford, 29 july 1818 (R5). Circa 150 urns. Triangular bone comb, curved knife, shears, tweezers.
Set of toilet instruments exhibited to Soc Antiq 1855.
Basil Brown records that a complete pagan Sax cinerary urn was found circa 1925 in pit in Waterloo Plantation. It contained bones, was black with "raised figures" and was broken up later. Finder made sketch of urn, reproduced in archive (S1). Further details in (S5) & (R1-R5).
By 1955 all the trees in the cemetery area had been removed from NE area of plantation and used to fill in old gravel pits and Basil Brown notes that "something should be done if further trees are removed". The field was then used for arable farming. In June 1955 he was given pottery from a pagan Sax cinerary urn which included stamped and decorated pottery, one sherd stamped with swastika design. These were found by Mr G Salter (S1).
Circa 1965: Site partially levelled by bulldozer.
Circa 1968: Several small & abraded sherds from area around (see 'Not to be published on web' tab for finder/s and/or findspot/s) (S2).
Presumably (R5) refers to same location as 1968 finds but note 1818 site recorded as lying on S side of rivulet dividing Eye from Brome, 150 yards distant from the river (R5). The 1968 site is circa 150 yards N & W of River Dove!
Outline of quarry is shown on OS 6in scale map of 1925.
Broads ESA monitoring visit 1988: arable land sown with sugar beet (S4).
A rectangular soil mark was noted around the area of the infilled quarry in 1988 and a faint negative crop mark was noted in the same position in 1990 (S3).
Broads ESA monitoring visit 1994: arable land in set-aside, field boundary runing through the middle with a small group of trees at the south end. Site is on south facing slope, with a light sandy soil (S4).
Also Mes, Neo, BA, IA, Rom.

Sources/Archives (12)

  • <M1> Unpublished document: Basil Brown. Basil Brown Archive. Basil Brown archive: volumes, map.
  • <S1> Unpublished document: Basil Brown. Basil Brown Archive. Brown B, V, 51-53, 55,56; IX, 1; XXXVIII, 32; LXXI, 124,129; LXXXIX, 100; XCVI, 42,110; XCVII,61; ma.
  • <R1> Bibliographic reference: Suffolk Institute of Archaeology. Proceedings of the Suffolk Institute of Archaeology. PSIA, 2, 117-118, 214; PSIA, 1, 1848, 24.
  • <S2> (No record type): Moss G I, Suff record sheet, circa 1968.
  • <R2> (No record type): Proc Soc Antiq (1st Ser), 1856, 3, 186, fig (toilet set).
  • <M2> Unpublished document: Suffolk Archaeological Service. Parish file. Parish file: (S2).
  • <S3> (No record type): King, W.H.. MAFF, King W H (Aerial Photography Unit) November 1990 - see Broads ESA file, 30.12.15.
  • <R3> (No record type): BM Guide to AS Antiqs, 22, 82, fig 12.
  • <M3> (No record type): Broads ESA file:.
  • <R4> (No record type): Akerman, .. Akerman, Pagon Saxondom, pl 22, 43 R5) Gentleman's Magazine, August 1818, 132.
  • <S4> (No record type): Broads ESA file, 30.12.15.
  • <S5> Bibliographic reference: 1911. VCH Suffolk 1. 334-335.

Finds (7)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (0)

Record last edited

Aug 29 2012 5:12PM

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