Monument record CDD 003 - Coddenham Baylham Roman Site (Rom)

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Summary

Scheduled Monument - Large Roman settlement, identified with COMBRETOVIVM, see details.

Location

Grid reference Centred TM 113 529 (1061m by 1411m) (Centred on)
Map sheet TM15SW
Civil Parish CODDENHAM, MID SUFFOLK, SUFFOLK

Map

Type and Period (6)

Full Description

Large settlement. Identified with "COMBRETOVIVM" (S1).
Investigated in 1823 by Sir William Middleton after discovery of the main N- S road by labourers `employed in draining'. Road traced S to river Gipping (and S of ford - see BAY 014). To the W of this road, near the river Gipping, a grey Roman urn containing human ashes was found circa 2 feet below surface, and close to it a smaller red pot and a double bronze mirror, 2.5 inches in diameter, with head of Nero on one side and a general addressing soldiers on the other (British Museum)(S19). Further search showed dense scatter of finds, up to 3 feet thick, including coins (C1-C4), samian and other pottery, brick, tile, oyster shell, slag. A wall was uncovered, running nearly E-W, about 30 yards long and 2 feet thick (S1)(S2)(R1)(R4)(R6).
Section cut across road (on N side of road from Baylham Mill to Norwich Road), rammed gravel with `ramp' on each side, pottery, samian, decorated tile (S3)(S4). Further section of road and adjacent occupation at (see 'Not to be published on web' tab for finder/s and/or findspot/s) (approximately); road 32 feet wide, sealed early Rom pits, suggested construction date around AD 70 (S5). Finds included two gold coins (Nero,AD 64-66 and Vespasian, AD 72, see entry in R Bland 2010 for full details), bronze coins (Vespasian - Constantinian (mid C4), samian, west stow and colour coated pottery, bronze dolphin brooch, bracelet, pins, ring, ligula, nail cleaner with human head, toilet implements, lion head ornament, iron knife, shears, styli, chisels, key, glass vessel fragments, bone counter, pins(S6). Also terra nigra platters with stamps (AD 55 onwards (S7).

Various surface finds: pottery (Samian, rough cast beaker, West Stow type) and bronze needle from circa (see 'Not to be published on web' tab for finder/s and/or findspot/s) (S8), Antoninianus of Carausius (RIC 855)(S9), AS of Faustina (RIC 1395) from (see 'Not to be published on web' tab for finder/s and/or findspot/s) (S10), sestertius of Philip I from (see 'Not to be published on web' tab for finder/s and/or findspot/s)(spoil heap)(S11). C1 pottery found during trials for gravel (?(see 'Not to be published on web' tab for finder/s and/or findspot/s))(S12).
Series of 7 pits and ditches with Rom and Sax pottery found while cutting trench for water main in 1958 (S13)(S16)(R11). Notes and plans at IPSMG and on fiche (S17). Lower stone of puddingstone quern found in hedge near Baylham House (S14). Air photographs show junction of two roads with complex area of pits, ditches, etc. Two multiple ditched forts - see CDD 016 - in S part of area. Area also includes cropmarks CDD 012. Extent of occupation to N not defined - scheduled area includes CDD 014, coins. Finds extend beyond 003 to E and SE - see CDD 009.
Also IA (snaffle bit, further material CDD 009) and Sax pottery. Six Rom coins found in area during sugar beet hoeing and retained by finders. Shown to Basil Brown for indentification: (1) Denarius of Trajan C2; (2) Commodus C2; (3) Constantius Chlorus C4; (4) Constantine II C3; (5) Valens C4; (6) Allectus C3 (S15).
1926: Information from amongst notes in file marked Combretovium at Ipswich Museum, lists excavation by Miss Saumarez in 1926. No further details.
Also see SAM file.

Sources/Archives (39)

  • <M1> Unpublished document: Basil Brown. Basil Brown Archive. Basil Brown archive: volume, map.
  • <S1> Bibliographic reference: 1911. VCH Suffolk 1. 303 (and 300, under Baylham).
  • <R1> (No record type): Gentlemans Magazine, 1824, (1), 261 ; 1825 291 - 293.
  • <S2> Museum Record Card: Ipswich Museum. IPSMG card. IPSMG, card 1920-50-195, 1920.
  • <M2> Unpublished document: Suffolk Archaeological Service. Parish file. Parish file : copy (R4).
  • <R2> (No record type): J Brit Archaol Assoc, 25, 387 - 388.
  • <M3> (No record type): APs: SAU AJE 13, AJJ 1,2, AJN 4-12, ALC 10.11, ALL 9.
  • <R3> Bibliographic reference: Antiquaries Journal. Antiq J, 1878, 35, 83 ; 1900, 27.
  • <S3> Museum Record Card: Ipswich Museum. IPSMG card. IPSMG, card Coddenham Rom Road,.
  • <M4> (No record type): Excavation archive : notes on pottery from Ipswich School excavations.
  • <S4> Museum Record Card: Ipswich Museum. IPSMG card. IPSMG, card 1935-212, 1935.
  • <R4> (No record type): Archaeologia, 1838, 27, 359 - 360.
  • <S5> (No record type): West S E, Antiq J, 1956, 35, 73.
  • <M5> (No record type): SAM file:.
  • <R5> Bibliographic reference: Suffolk Institute of Archaeology. Proceedings of the Suffolk Institute of Archaeology. PSIA, 5, 117.
  • <R6> (No record type): Watling H, notes and plan in IPSMG.
  • <S6> Museum Record Card: Ipswich Museum. IPSMG card. IPSMG, card 1954-66, 1954.
  • <R7> Bibliographic reference: Suffolk Institute of Archaeology. Proceedings of the Suffolk Institute of Archaeology. PSIA, 17, 1920, (2), 131-132.
  • <S7> Museum Record Card: Ipswich Museum. IPSMG card. IPSMG, cards UR959-404 (? excavated Colin Campbell, 1952).
  • <R8> (No record type): Moore I, Roman Suffolk, PSIA, 24, 1946.
  • <S8> Museum Record Card: Ipswich Museum. IPSMG card. IPSMG, card 1946-83, 1946.
  • <R9> (No record type): Suffolk Illustrations.
  • <S9> Museum Record Card: Ipswich Museum. IPSMG card. IPSMG, card 968-82, 1968.
  • <R10> (No record type): BM, Guide to the antiquities of Rom Brit, second edition, 10-12 (ill).
  • <S10> Museum Record Card: Ipswich Museum. IPSMG card. IPSMG, card Coddenham Romano-British, 1966.
  • <R11> (No record type): NMR, Excavation archive, Smedley & Owles 1958 excavation, microfiche.
  • <S11> Museum Record Card: Ipswich Museum. IPSMG card. IPSMG, card Coddenham, 1962.
  • <S12> Museum Record Card: Ipswich Museum. IPSMG card. IPSMG, card 957-7, 1957.
  • <R12> (No record type): IPSMG, 25 inch map, LXVI.5, M.26.
  • <S13> Museum Record Card: Ipswich Museum. IPSMG card. IPSMG, card 958-214, 1958.
  • <R13> (No record type): IPSMG, section of electricity trench, pits etc., M.109.
  • <S14> Museum Record Card: Ipswich Museum. IPSMG card. IPSMG, card UR959-424, 1959.
  • <S15> Unpublished document: Basil Brown. Basil Brown Archive. Brown B, XIII, 55,56; card index 40.
  • <S16> Bibliographic reference: Suffolk Institute of Archaeology. Proceedings of the Suffolk Institute of Archaeology. PSIA, 28, 1958, 91.
  • <S17> (No record type): RCHME, NMR, micro film index, PRN 390.
  • <S18> Unpublished document: Department of the Environment. Scheduling information.
  • <S19> Source Checked: Suffolk Record Office. Illustrated ms, SRO (Ipswich), 50/19/4.6(2) HH24, Dec 1828.
  • <S20> Photograph: Farrands. Air Photograph. Farrands RH, AP, 145.6, 12 July 1976.
  • <S20> Bibliographic reference: Suffolk Institute of Archaeology. Proceedings of the Suffolk Institute of Archaeology. 42, 1955.

Finds (20)

Protected Status/Designation

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Record last edited

Oct 8 2010 9:45AM

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