Monument record IPS 228 - Buttermarket Shopping Centre Development, Buttermarket and St. Stephens Lane, Ipswich (IAS 3104).

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Summary

1988: Excavation in advance of construction of Buttermarket Shopping Centre. 7th to 9th century Saxon cemetery, Ipswich Ware kiln, traces of numerous 8th to 11th century buildings were found. Also Medieval Carmelite Friary and associated buildings and Post Medieval buildings including a prison and brewery.

Location

Grid reference Centred TM 1633 4448 (111m by 61m) (Centred on)
Map sheet TM14SE
Civil Parish IPSWICH, IPSWICH, SUFFOLK

Map

Type and Period (31)

Full Description

1987-1988: Buttermarket development excavations. Finds include 7th-9th century Saxon cemetery, probably extending further South and Ease, including c. 70 burials, small ring ditches, grave goods including swords, shield boss, two glass cups, bronze belt fittings, glass beads & coffin stains. Traces of numerous 8th and 9th buildings and features were found, two 8th century roads, and three 10th and 11th century buildings as well as rubbish pits with finds. An Ipswich ware (decorated) kiln was excavated. Also uncovered was most of Carmelite Friary Church & cloister ranges. Construction of which started in 1278. Demolished in 1538 after dissolution. Also site of 17th Century County Gaol and market, chapel, Falcon brewery and 19th Century public house (S1, S2) (S8-S14).

See also (S3-S6) and a study of mineralised leather remains from two excavated cemeteries of sixth- and seventh-century date (St Stephen's Lane/Buttermarket in 1987-88 and Boss Hall in 1990) (S7).

See imported pottery reports (S15, S16), C14 report, (S17), Slag report, (S18), architectural stone report, (S19), Charcoal report (S20), Human bone reports, (S21), (S25), Manufacturing waste reports (S22, S23), Carbonised bread report, (S24), Microfauna report, (S26).

Sources/Archives (27)

  • --- Index: IPSMG. 2009. Ipswich Museum renumbered Ipswich archive. R.2009.65.
  • <S1> Unpublished document: Wade, K. 2014. Ipswich Archive Site Summaries: St. Stephen's Lane..
  • <S2> Bibliographic reference: Scull, C.. 2009. Early Medieval Cemeteries (Late 5th-Early 8th Centuries AD) at Boss Hall and Buttermarket, Ipswich, Suffolk. The Society for Medieval Archaeology Monograph 27.
  • <S3> (No record type): Wade K, `Ipswich' in CBA, RR, 68, 1988, 93-100.
  • <S4> Article in serial: Zimmerman, B.. 1899. The White Friars at Ipswich.
  • <S5> Bibliographic reference: Victoria County History of Suffolk (Vol I 1911; Vol II 1907). VCH, Suffolk, 2, 1907, 130-131..
  • <S6> Article in serial: Redstone, Vincent B.. 1899. The Carmelites of Ipswich.
  • <S7> Unpublished document: Cameron E and Edwards G. 2004. Evidence of Leather on finds from Anglo- Saxon Cemeteries at St Stephen's Lane/Butter Market Ipswich, Suffolk 1987-88 and Boss Hall, Ipswich 1990.
  • <S8> Article in serial: Ipswich Archaeological Trust. 1987. Ipswich Archaeological Trust News 23. 23. 11 Dec 1987.
  • <S9> Article in serial: Ipswich Archaeological Trust. 1988. Ipswich Archaeological Trust News 24. 24. 6 May 1988.
  • <S10> Article in serial: Ipswich Archaeological Trust. 1988. Ipswich Archaeological Trust News 25. 25. 29 July 1988.
  • <S11> Article in serial: Ipswich Archaeological Trust. 1988. Ipswich Archaeological Trust News 26. 26. 9 Sept 1988.
  • <S12> Article in serial: Ipswich Archaeological Trust. 1989. Ipswich Archaeological Trust News 27. 27. 3 Feb 1989.
  • <S13> Article in serial: Martin, E.A., Pendleton, C. & Plouviez, J.. 1989. Archaeology in Suffolk 1988. XXXVII (1). XXXVII.1, pp. 59–77..
  • <S14> Index: Suffolk County Council Archaeological Service. 1974. Ipswich Archaeological Survey Card Index (digital version).. IAS 3104.
  • <S15> Finds Report: Blinkhorn P. IAS 3104 Imported Pottery List.
  • <S16> Finds Report: Catherine Coutts. 1991. Report on the imported pottery from St Stephens Lane (IAS 3104).
  • <S17> Finds Report: Scottish Universities Research & Reactor Centre. 1992. C14 Report, IAS 3104.
  • <S18> Finds Report: D Starley. ASSESSMENT OF SLAG AND OTHER METALWORKING DEBRIS FROM ST STEPHEN'S LANE, IPSWICH, 1987-88 Ancient Monuments Laboratory Report 68/93 ASSESSMENT OF SLAG AND OTHER METALWORKING DEBRIS FROM ST STEPHEN'S LANE, IPSWICH, 1987-88.
  • <S19> Finds Report: Mark Samuel. 1992. Blackfriars (site code IAS 48011): Appraisal report of the 'moulded stone'.
  • <S20> Finds Report: Peter Murphy. 1990. BUTTERMARKET, IPSWICH, SUFFOLK (1AS 3104): (1) CHARCOAL..
  • <S21> Finds Report: S A Mays. 1991. THE BURIALS FROM THE WHITEFRIARS FRIARY SITE, BUTTERMARKET, IPSWICH, SUFFOLK (EXCAVATED 1986-88).
  • <S22> Finds Report: Catherine Mortimer. Non ferrous metalworking evidence from St Stephen's Lane (Buttermarket), Ipswich and other related sites.
  • <S23> Finds Report: Catherine Mortimer. Non ferrous metalworking evidence from St Stephen's Lane (Buttermarket), Ipswich and other related sites TABLE.
  • <S24> Finds Report: Peter Murphy. 1990. BUTTERMARKET, IPSWICH, SUFFOLK (1AS 3104): (2) CARBONISED LOAVES..
  • <S25> Finds Report: Margaret Cox. The Human Bones from the Buttermarket Ipswich.
  • <S26> Finds Report: Turner-Walker, G., Scull, C. J. Microfauna in Anglo-Saxon Graves: Entomological Evidence from Burials at Boss Hall and the Butter Market, Ipswich..

Finds (107)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (87)

Related Events/Activities (1)

Record last edited

Jan 13 2020 2:18PM

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